• Tech Tech

Airlines bet on new fuel source that is literally pulled from thin air: 'We have to start now'

"With hydrogen, you can actually get to the point where you have zero carbon emissions."

β€œWith hydrogen, you can actually get to the point where you have zero carbon emissions.”

Photo Credit: iStock

New advancements in sustainable aviation may truly be putting the "air" in "air travel."

Virgin Atlantic recently made headlines for completing a transatlantic flight using fuel made from waste fats, saying it would reduce pollution by up to 70%, though the feat has come with criticism that it may not be meaningfully better enough than the status quo to be hailed as a solution. According to The New York Times, many airline companies have already been investing in pollution-reducing efficiency innovations that could significantly reduce the amount of pollution created by the industry, and one innovation may even make it possible to sustainably produce jet fuel using just air and water.

Several major airlines, such as Alaska, American, Delta, Southwest, and United, have pledged to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 or sooner.

πŸ—£οΈ Which of the following sustainable changes would make you most likely to choose a particular airline?

πŸ”˜ Using cleaner fuel β›½

πŸ”˜ Reducing in-flight waste πŸ—‘οΈ

πŸ”˜ Making it easy to choose low-emissions itineraries πŸ“‹

πŸ”˜ I don't pay attention to sustainability when I fly ✈️

πŸ—³οΈ Click your choice to see results and speak your mind

One major innovation is catching the attention of air travel companies and the scientific community: alternative fuel made from our atmosphere.

Researchers have already developed the "power to liquid" process in which massive fans take carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, extract carbon from CO2 molecules, and combine it with hydrogen to create hydrocarbons. A team of researchers at Switzerland's ETH Zurich has even built a solar tower to create "solar kerosene" using merely the air, water, and solar power.

Slash Gear reported that the U.S. Air Force is getting in on the act, allocating $65 million from its Defense Innovation Unit to a New York-based startup named Air Company seeking to create jet fuel from air and water. The project is called SynCe (Synthetic Fuels for the Contested Environment). "In a process resembling Photosynthesis, the project aims to produce synthetic jet fuel using just water and carbon dioxide present in the atmosphere," Slash Gear wrote.

Hydrocarbons are highly combustible organic compounds found in other fuel sources such as gasoline, propane, coal, and β€” you guessed it β€” jet fuel.

Researchers are separately working on using hydrogen itself as a fuel, though this has storage issues.

"With hydrogen, you can actually get to the point where you have zero carbon emissions," noted Lahiru Ranasinghe, the senior sustainability manager at easyJet, a European airline investing in hydrogen-powered flight technology.

Air travel fueled by "dirty energy" is a significant contributor to our planet's increasingly warming temperatures. Prior to 2020, flights were emitting more than 1 billion tons of carbon dioxide per year.

In addition to the CO2 pollution produced by global air travel, scientists have found that the long, wispy clouds emerging from airplane exhaust, known as condensation trails or "contrails," also alter the Earth's temperatures.

Technological developments like hydrogen-powered aircraft, fully electric planes, and new types of jet fuel make goals of reducing CO2 pollution all the more feasible, but time is of the essence.

"We have to start now," stated Steven Barrett, an aeronautics and astronautics professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Aviation and the Environment. "There's such huge inertia in the system that you really have to start decades ahead."

Readers of this news also discussed alternative means of reducing carbon pollution from transportation β€” from improving long-distance public transit to pumping the brakes on traditional gasoline-fueled cars. 

"A high-speed rail network would solve a lot of this problem too, as would remote meetings and people deciding to limit their personal trips," one comment on the article added.

"Cars and trucks are where we can have the most impact and we can do it right now. Buy Electric. There are many brand choices these days," another commenter mentioned

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